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Mughals

 

 

 

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Why did the Turkic Mughal Empire Collapse?

   
   

   
   

The Mughal Empire was an early-modern empire that controlled much of South Asia between the 16th and 19th centuries. For some two hundred years, the empire stretched from the outer fringes of the Indus river basin in the west, northern Afghanistan in the northwest, and Kashmir in the north, to the highlands of present-day Assam and Bangladesh in the east, and the uplands of the Deccan plateau in south India.

The Mughal empire is conventionally said to have been founded in 1526 by Babur, a warrior chieftain from what today is Uzbekistan, who employed aid from the neighboring Safavid and Ottoman empires, to defeat the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodhi, in the First Battle of Panipat, and to sweep down the plains of Upper India. The Mughal imperial structure, however, is sometimes dated to 1600, to the rule of Babur's grandson, Akbar. This imperial structure lasted until 1720, until shortly after the death of the last major emperor, Aurangzeb, during whose reign the empire also achieved its maximum geographical extent. Reduced subsequently, especially during the East India Company rule in India, to the region in and around Old Delhi, the empire was formally dissolved by the British Raj after the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Although the Mughal empire was created and sustained by military warfare, it did not vigorously suppress the cultures and peoples it came to rule; rather it equalized and placated them through new administrative practices, and diverse ruling elites, leading to more efficient, centralised, and standardized rule. The base of the empire's collective wealth was agricultural taxes, instituted by the third Mughal emperor, Akbar. These taxes, which amounted to well over half the output of a peasant cultivator, were paid in the well-regulated silver currency, and caused peasants and artisans to enter larger markets.

The relative peace maintained by the empire during much of the 17th century was a factor in India's economic expansion. Burgeoning European presence in the Indian Ocean, and its increasing demand for Indian raw and finished products, created still greater wealth in the Mughal courts. There was more conspicuous consumption among the Mughal elite, resulting in greater patronage of painting, literary forms, textiles, and architecture, especially during the reign of Shah Jahan. Among the Mughal UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South Asia are: Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Red Fort, Humayun's Tomb, Lahore Fort, Shalamar Gardens and the Taj Mahal, which is described as "the jewel of Muslim art in India, and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage."

   
   

   
   

About TransAnatolie

   
   

TransAnatolie Tour (Multi-Lingual Cultural Tour Operator)

   
TransAnatolie Tour is a subgroup of Anadolu and is a Multi-Lingual Cultural Tour Operator in Anatolia (Asia Minor) Turkey.

TransAnatolie Tour has the ambition and the capacity to be become one of the leading provider and operator of archaeological, historical, belief (biblical) and cultural heritage tours and specialty travel with high Quality of Service (QoS) concept.

TransAnatolie Tour develops its programs with a network of Specialists, who are well recognized, local, regional, national, and international professionals at the top of their fields. These Specialists share their knowledge, insights and vision providing an in-depth insiders understanding of what distinguishes a particular culture and what factors shaped its evolution.

TransAnatolie Tours are executed in five languages (Dutch, English, French, German and Turkish) with high QoS concept by Tourism Professionals of valuable experience, intelligence and high intellectual capacity.

TransAnatolie Tour executive and operations teams have been at the cutting edge of international tour (holiday) operations and specialty travel since 1990s, working with organizations, universities and museums to provide unique travel experiences, cultural and belief (biblical) tours (holidays/trips) to their memberships.

Multi-Lingual TransAnatolie Tour team members have many years of valuable experience in providing individuals and organizations with high quality cultural, historical, belief/biblical, archaeological, architectural tours and travel experiences with high quality of service (QoS).

TransAnatolie has immersed travelers in Anatolia's most fascinating ancient cultures and provided enriching travel experiences.

TransAnatolie (International Multi-Lingual Cultural Tour Operator) has also been in small boat cruises, building exciting travel packages around these unique vessels.

TransAnatolie is now expanding its distribution by making these high quality, unique travel products and programs available to the public. Supported by our international network of offices and affiliates worldwide, the aim of TransAnatolie Team of travel professionals and passionate program specialists is to make your next 'vacation' a truly rewarding travel experience.

   
   

TransAnatolie Tour is a member of

   
  • Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism (Licence No. 4938)

  • Ankara Chamber of Commerce (Trade registry under No. 54/1024)

  • Turkish-French Cultural Association

  • Turkish Association at the United Nations

  • Union of Turkish Tour Operators (TÜRSAB)

  • Union of Multi-Lingual Professional Tourism Guides (TUREB-ARED)

  • Ankara Cultural Tourism Association (BATUDER) 

  • Nigde Cultural Association 

  • Aksaray Cultural Association 

  • Arts & Cultural Association of Taspinar.

   
   

TransAnatolie info-webs (pages)

   
   
   
   

On these webs you will find background information about our company, our offices, our current job offers and more info about current and future products and services.

If you could not find the information you need on these pages and/or on our other pages, or for inquires please do not hesitate to contact us at:  info[at]transanatolie.com

   
   
TransAnatolie Tour
Multilingual Cultural Tour Provider and Operator
A - Group License N°4938 - The Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism
 

 
   
The Mughal Empire - Babur Imparatorlugu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in c. 1700 under Aurangzeb (r. 1658–1707)

Tac Mahal

Tac Mahal

Turkey

Turquie

Türkei

Turkije

Türkiye

 

Home ] Up ] Anatolia ] Anatolian Civilizations ] Museums ] Destinations ] Contents ] Search ]

Outlook ] Evaluation ] Ottomans ] Seljuks ] Safavids ] [ Mughals ] Timurids ] Mongols ] North Africa ] Gokturks ] Huns ] Romans ] Helens ] Achaemenids ] Turks ]

Copyright © 1997 TransAnatolie. All rights reserved.
Last modified: 2022-09-07

 

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