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Anatolian Civilizations

 

 

 

Home ] Anatolia ] [ Anatolian Civilizations ] Empires ] Museums ] Destinations ] Contents ] Search ]

 

 

Discover Anatolia Turkey-Türkiye and Ancient Anatolian Civilizations of Turkey-Türkiye

Explore Cultural Heritage of Turkey - Türkiye - Turquie - Turkije - Türkei - Asia Minor -  Anatolia - Anatolie - Anatolië  with TransAnatolie Tour

   
   
"The gateway between Europe and Asia..."
"A country situated at the heart of the oldest continents of earth..."
"The crossroads of many important routes since centuries..."
"A bridge between ages, nations and civilizations..."
"The cradle of civilization..."
"The heartland of civilizations..."
“Crossroads of Civilizations...”
“The Land of the rising sun...”
“The Land of a Thousand Gods...”
   
   

All these words are used by different civilizations to define Anatolia in through the history.
Anatolia is surrounded by the Black Sea to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Aegean Sea -itself an arm of the Mediterranean.
As a bridge between Asia and Europe, Anatolia was a meeting point of many cultures and it was a place of birth of many important civilizations.
Between ca. 11,000 and 9000 B.C. in Anatolia the first permanent villages was emerged in southeastern and central Anatolia.
Then the Hatties and Hittites established the first state in Anatolia.
After Hittites, Anatolia housed Phrygian Civilization, Urartu Civilization, Lydian Civilization, Carian Civilization, Lycian, Hellenistic Civilization and Roman-Byzantine Civilizations.
 Subsequently Turkish Cultures and Civilizations evolved in Anatolia.

   
   
   

History of Anatolia

   
   

   
   

Ancient Anatolia

   
   

 

   
   


History of Anatolia & Turkey: Timeline of Turkey’s History

   
   

The history of human habitation in Anatolia, heartland of the Turkish Republic, goes back 25,000 years—an incredible stretch of time.

   
   

The history of Anatolia & Turkey from 23,000 BC to 1923 AD.

   
   
   
   

Karain Cave

   
   

Continuously inhabited by humans for 25,000 years…Karain Cave

   
   

Neolithic - Karahantepe

   
   

Karahan Tepe 

   
   

Neolithic - Göbekli Tepe

   
   

Humankind’s first temple was built by hunter-gatherers at Göbekli Tepe in southeastern Anatolia even before the invention of agriculture and pottery. More… Göbekli Tepe

   
   

Çatalhöyük

   
   

Catalhoyuk

   
   

Hatti Civilization (2500-2000 B.C.)

   
   

Hattis

   
   

The Hittites (1900-1200 BC)

   
   

The Biblical empire that fought with Pharaoh. More…Hittites

   
   

Assyrians

   
   

Assyria

   
   

Phrygia (1200-600 BC)

   
   

The Phrygians under King Midas gave us embriodery, cymbals, the musical triangle, and more.  Phrygia

   
   

Hellenic Civilization (1200-600 BC)

   
   

Western civilization started here. Hellens

   
   

Hellenistic: Alexander the Great (334 BC)

   
   

Conquering the world in his early 30s….

   
   

The Romans in Anatolia (250 BC-330 AD)

   
   

To the Romans, Anatolia was the province of Asia Minor.Ancient Rome
Roman Empire

   
   

The Journeys of St. Paul

   
   

He was from Tarsus, on the Mediterranean coast, so this was his homeland….

   
   

The Byzantine Empire (330-1453 AD)

   
   

A thousand years of art, culture, religion and political turmoil. Byzantine

   
   

The Seljuk Turks (1071-1243)

   
   

Omar Khayyam, Mevlana Jelaleddin Rumi, civil tolerance, constant war, and great architecture….Seljuk Turks

   
   

The Ottoman Empire (1288-1923)

   
   

From warrior principality to huge empire...Ottoman Empire

   
   

The Turkish Republic (1923-Present)

   
   

A modern state built on the ruins of a medieval theocratic monarchy. Turkey

   
   

Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938)

   
   

Brilliant general, masterful statesman, social reformer, powerful advocate of secularism and women’s rights.

   
   

Anatolia and the Caucasus: Overview, Timeline and Key Events (8000 B.C.-1800 A.D.) (pdf)

   
   


Anatolia (Anadolu)

Stone Age

Old Stone Age (Paleolithic Age) (2.6 million years BC - 10000 BC)

Mid Stone Age (Mesolithic)

New Stone Age (Neolithic (around 10000BC-4500BC))

Copper Age (Chalcolithic Age) (c. 5500–3000 BC)

Bronze Age (3000–1200 BC)

Early Bronze Age (3000–2500 BC)

Middle Bronze Age (2500–2000 BC)

Late Bronze Age (2000–1200 BC)

Hattians

Hittites

·         Old Kingdom of Hittites

·         Middle Kingdom of Hittites

·         New Kingdom of Hittites

·         Syro-Hittite era of Hittites

Mycenaean presence

Iron Age (c. 1300–600 BC)

Western Anatolia

·         Troad

·         Aeolis

·         Ionia

·         Lydia (Maeonia)

·         Caria

·         Lycia

Central Anatolia

·         Phrygia

 Eastern Anatolia 

·         Cimmeria

·         Urartu

·         Assyria

   
   

Civilizations
Ancient Civilizations
Chronology
Prehistory-Anatolia
Karain Cave
Karahan Tepe
Göbekli Tepe
Catalhoyuk
Asiklihoyuk
Sumers
Hattis
Babylon
Hittites
Assyria
Mitanni
Trojans
Carians
Phrygia
Urartu
Lydia
Medes
Lycians
Persians
Hellens
Ancient Rome
Romans

Byzantine
Seljuks
Ottomans
Turkey
A-Technology
Silk Road
World History
Ancient DestinationS Turkey

   
   
 

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

   
   
   
   
   

 

   
   

TransAnatolie Tour
A - Group License N°4938 - The Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism

 
 
       
   

 

 
   
   
   

Turkey

Turquie

Türkei

Turkije

Türkiye

 

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Last modified: 2022-09-07

 

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