En Fr Nl De Tr
words are used by different civilizations to define Anatolia in
through the history.
Anatolia is surrounded by the Black Sea to the north, the
Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Aegean Sea -itself an arm of the
As a bridge between Asia and Europe, Anatolia was a meeting point of
many cultures and it was a place of birth of many important
Between ca. 11,000 and 9000 B.C. in Anatolia the first permanent
villages was emerged in southeastern and central Anatolia.
Then the Hatties and Hittites established the first state in Anatolia.
After Hittites, Anatolia housed Phrygian Civilization, Urartu
Civilization, Lydian Civilization, Carian Civilization, Lycian,
Hellenistic Civilization and Roman-Byzantine Civilizations.
Turkish Cultures and Civilizations evolved in Anatolia.
The history of
human habitation in Anatolia, heartland of the Turkish
Republic, goes back 25,000 years—an incredible stretch of
Overview and Key Events of Anatolia and the Caucasus
inhabited by humans for 25,000 years…Karain Cave
Humankind’s first temple was built by hunter-gatherers at
Göbekli Tepe in southeastern Anatolia even before the
invention of agriculture and pottery. More…
empire that fought with Pharaoh. More…Hittites
under King Midas gave us embriodery, cymbals, the musical
triangle, and more.
civilization started here.
world in his early 30s….
To the Romans,
Anatolia was the province of Asia Minor.Ancient Rome
He was from
Tarsus, on the Mediterranean coast, so this was his
years of art, culture, religion and political turmoil.
Mevlana Jelaleddin Rumi, civil tolerance, constant war, and
great architecture….Seljuk Turks
From warrior principality to
huge empire...Ottoman Empire
A modern state
built on the ruins of a medieval theocratic monarchy.
general, masterful statesman, social reformer, powerful
advocate of secularism and women’s rights.
Anatolia and the Caucasus: Overview, Timeline and Key Events
(8000 B.C.-1800 A.D.) (pdf)
Old Stone Age (Paleolithic Age) (2.6
million years BC - 10000 BC)
Mid Stone Age (Mesolithic)
New Stone Age (Neolithic (around
Kingdom of Hittites
Kingdom of Hittites
Kingdom of Hittites
era of Hittites
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